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Decide what type of oil you want to make
Cannabis oil can be made in two ways. The first way is to extract the oil from the cannabis plant itself, and the second way is to make what’s known as “infused” oil, where you infuse another type of oil (usually olive or coconut) with cannabis.
The method you choose will depend on what you’re using the oil for, as well as your personal preferences. If you’re looking for a cooking oil, you may want to infuse it with another type of oil so that it has a neutral taste. If you’re making a topical ointment, however, you may want to extract the oil directly from the plant so that it retains its natural properties.
Once you’ve decided how you want to make your cannabis oil, it’s time to gather your supplies. You will need:
-Cannabis (the amount will depend on how much oil you want to make)
-A carrier oil (olive or coconut oil are good choices)
-A double boiler or slow cooker
-A strainer or cheesecloth
-A glass jar or container
Choose your cannabis strain
Cannabis oil is a potent extract made from marijuana plants. It can be used for a variety of purposes, including pain relief, anxiety relief, and appetite stimulation. While there are many different strains of cannabis, they can broadly be divided into two categories: indica and sativa.
Indica strains are known for their relaxing, sedative effects. They are often used to treat pain and insomnia. Sativa strains are known for their uplifting, energetic effects. They are often used to treat depression and fatigue.
The type of cannabis you use will determine the effects of your oil. If you want a relaxed feeling, choose an indica strain. If you want an energetic feeling, choose a sativa strain.
Gather your supplies
You will need:
-1 cup of decarboxylated cannabis
-1 cup of a carrier oil like MCT, olive, or coconut oil
-Double boiler or saucepan
-Coffee filter, cheesecloth, or a clean cotton t-shirt
-Airtight storage container like a mason jar
1. Fill the bottom pot of your double boiler with water and place it on the stove over low heat.
2. Add your cannabis and carrier oil to the top pot of the double boiler. 3. Mix thoroughly and simmer over low heat for 2-3 hours, stirring occasionally. Be careful not to let the mixture get too hot or boil, as this can damage the cannabinoids.
4. When finished, remove the mixture from heat and allow it to cool slightly. 5. Line a coffee filter, cheesecloth, or clean cotton t-shirt over a bowl or jar and pour the mixture through it to strain out the plant matter. 6. Store your finished cannabis oil in an airtight container in a cool, dark place like your refrigerator for up to 2 months.
Decarboxylate your cannabis
The first step to making cannabis oil is to decarboxylate, or activate, your cannabis. This process converts THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) into THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound that gets you high. The easiest way to do this is to spread your ground cannabis on a baking sheet and bake it in the oven at 240 degrees Fahrenheit for 40 minutes. Keep in mind that the THC percentage of the starting material will determine the THC percentage of the finished oil.
Combine cannabis and oil in your chosen vessel
Pour the oil into your chosen vessel. Use enough so that when you add the cannabis it will be completely submerged. You can use any kind of oil you like. Olive oil is a popular choice because it’s inexpensive and has a high fat content, which helps the THC bind to it better.
Next, add your chosen cannabis material. You can use either trim or bud, but bud will give you a more potent oil. If you’re using trim, you may want to increase the amount of oil you use so that the final product isn’t too runny.
Now seal your container tightly and put it in a dark place like a cabinet or closet. Let it sit for at least 3 days, shaking it gently once or twice a day to help distribute the THC evenly throughout the oil.
After 3 days (or more if you can wait), open up your container and check on your progress. If most of the plant matter has sunk to the bottom, you’re ready to move on to the next step. If not, give it a few more days.
Monitor temperature and time
Making cannabis oil is much easier with the help of a thermometer and a timer. Keeping track of both temperature and time is important, as cannabis oil needs to be heated to a certain temperature for a specific amount of time in order to decarboxylate (activate).
If you don’t have a thermometer and timer, you can still make cannabis oil, but it won’t be as potent. To make up for the lack of precision, you’ll need to heat the oil for a longer period of time. Plan on heating the oil for at least 3 hours if you don’t have a thermometer and timer.
Filter and store your oil
Once your oil has cooled completely, it’s time to filter it. Pour your oil into a glass jar or container and place a coffee filter over the top. Secure the coffee filter with a rubber band or canning ring. Slowly pour the oil through the filter into another clean glass jar or container. Store your finished oil in a cool, dark place.