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The Extraction Process
The extraction process of cannabis oil is rather long and extensive, but it produce a high-quality product that can be used for various purposes. It begins with the trimming of the cannabis plant material. The trim is then ground up and mixed with a solvent. The solvent extract is then evaporated, leaving behind the cannabis oil .
Types of Extraction
There are many ways to extract the oils from the cannabis plant to make CBD oil. The most common methods are Olive Oil Extraction, CO2 Extraction, and alcohol extraction.
Olive oil extraction is a traditional method that has been used for centuries. The process involves crushing the cannabis plant and then soaking it in olive oil for a period of time. After the cannabis has soaked, the olive oil is then heated to extract the cannabinoids. This type of extraction is considered to be safe and effective, but it can be time-consuming and requires special equipment.
CO2 extraction is a newer method that uses supercritical CO2 to extract the cannabinoids from the plant material. This type of extraction is considered to be very efficient and produces a high-quality product. However, it is also more expensive and requires special equipment.
Alcohol extraction is another common method that can be used to make CBD oil. This method involves soaking the plant material in alcohol for a period of time and then evaporating the alcohol to leave behind the CBD oil. Alcohol extraction is considered to be simple and effective, but it can produce a lower-quality product than other methods.
The Decarboxylation Process
In order to activate the THC in cannabis so that it will bind to the cannabinoid receptors in our endocannabinoid system, the plant material must go through a process called decarboxylation, or “decarbing.” This process can be done in a number of ways, but the most common is to use heat.
THC-A is the non-psychoactive form of THC that is present in fresh cannabis. When cannabis is heated (either through smoking or baking), THC-A undergoes a chemical reaction and loses a carbon atom from its molecular structure, resulting in THC. This is why cannabis must be decarbed before it can be used to make edibles or tinctures; if it isn’t, the edibles or tinctures will not have any psychoactive effect.
The decarboxylation process begins as soon as cannabis is lit; however, for edibles and tinctures, you need to bake your cannabis at a specific temperature for a specific amount of time to ensure that all of the THC-A has been converted into THC.
The Refining Process
Cannabis oil is made by extracting the THC compound (the psychoactive part of the cannabis plant) and then separating it from the plant material. The THC is then mixed with a carrier oil, such as hemp oil or olive oil. The mixture is then heated until the THC evaporates, leaving behind the cannabis oil.
Types of Refining
There are a few different ways that cannabis oil can be refined. The most common method is referred to as short path distillation. This process uses a so-called short path distillation head, which allows the oil to be heated and evaporated quickly. The main advantage of this method is that it preserves the delicate compounds in the oil, and results in a final product that is very pure.
Another method that can be used to refine cannabis oil isWinterization. This process involves adding alcohol to the oil, and then freezing it. The cold temperatures cause the impurities in the oil to precipitate out, and they can then be filtered out of the final product. Winterization is often used in combination with short path distillation, in order to further purify the oil.
Finally, another method of refining cannabis oil is called winterization followed by vacuum purge. This process is similar to regular winterization, except that after the impurities have been precipitated out of the oil, they are then removed using a vacuum purge. This leaves behind an even purer end product.
The Winterization Process
Winterization is a process of removing unwanted materials from cannabis oil that were extracted from the plant. This process is important because it helps to improve the taste, color, and overall purity of the oil. In general, winterization works by immersing cannabis oil in alcohol (usually ethanol) and freezing it for a period of time. This allows the unwanted materials to separate from the oil and be removed.
The Filtration Process
Cannabis oil is made by extracting the THC compound from marijuana. The THC compound is then filtered out of the cannabis oil. The filtration process is a very important step in making sure that the final product is pure and potent.
Types of Filtration
There are a few different ways to filter cannabis oil, each with their own benefits and drawbacks.
The first and most common type of filtration is mechanical filtration, which uses a variety of methods to physically remove impurities from the oil. This can be done with things like filter paper, coffee filters, or even t-shirts.
One of the benefits of mechanical filtration is that it doesn’t require any special equipment or chemicals, and it can be done quickly and easily. However, it’s not always effective at removing all impurities, and it can sometimes result in lost oil.
Chemical filtration uses chemicals to remove impurities from the oil. This can be done with things like activated charcoal or clays. Chemical filtration is usually more effective than mechanical filtration, but it can be more time-consuming and expensive.
Distillation is a type of filtration that uses heat to separate the different components of the oil. This is usually done using a still, which allows the different components of the oil to boil off at different temperatures.
Distillation is usually very effective at removing impurities, but it can be expensive and time-consuming. Additionally, distillation can change the taste and smell of the oil, so it’s important to know what you’re doing if you decide to use this method.
The Polishing Process
After the plant material has been filtered out, the next step is to remove any residual plant matter and impurities from the oil. This process, called polishing, uses a variety of methods to achieve the final product.
The most common method of polishing is winterization. This involves adding the oil to a solvent, such as ethanol, and freezing it. The impurities will solidify and can then be filtered out.
Another method of polishing is decarboxylation. This process uses heat to remove impurities and plant matter. The oil is placed in an oven at a low temperature for a period of time, typically around 24 hours.
Once the oil has been polished, it is ready for use.