How Many Cannabis Plants Can I Grow Legally?

Wondering how many cannabis plants you can grow legally? We break down the plant limits in each Canadian province and territory.

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The Cannabis plant is most commonly known for its psychoactive effects when consumed. The main psychoactive compound in cannabis is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, the plant also contains other cannabinoids, such as cannabidiol (CBD), that have their own effects.

Different strains of cannabis plants can contain different levels of THC and CBD. The amount of these compounds that are present in a particular strain will determine its effects when consumed.

In many places, the legal limit for how many cannabis plants an individual can grow is two. However, there are some states and countries that have liberalized their laws on cannabis cultivation, and allow individuals to grow larger numbers of plants.

Federal Cannabis Laws

In the United States, each state has the power to make their own cannabis laws. The federal government maintains a hands-off approach when it comes to enforcing state cannabis laws. This means that, in theory, you could grow as many cannabis plants as your state allows without fear of repercussions from the feds.

However, it’s important to keep in mind that while the federal government may not be actively enforcing state cannabis laws, they could change their mind at any time. This is why it’s always best to err on the side of caution and only grow as many plants as your state allows.

It’s also worth noting that even though the federal government doesn’t enforce state cannabis laws, they can still prosecute people for violating federal cannabis laws. This includes things like growing cannabis on federally-owned land or crossing state lines with cannabis products. So, even if you’re growing the maximum number of allowed plants in your home state, you could still get in trouble with the law if you break any of the federal rules.

State Cannabis Laws

In the United States, cannabis plant cultivation is regulated by state law. As of 2019, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for medical use, and 10 states plus D.C. have legalized it for recreational use. The maximum number of plants that can be legally grown varies by state.

In states where cannabis is legal for medical or recreational use, there are often different regulations for each type of use. For example, in California, adults 21 and over can legally grow up to six plants for personal recreational use. However, medical patients and their caregivers are allowed to grow more plants, depending on the patient’s doctor-recommended dosage. In general, larger states with more liberal cannabis laws tend to have higher plant limits than smaller states with more restrictive laws.

Here is a list of maximum plant limits by state for both medical and recreational users:

Alaska: 6 plants per household (recreational) / 24 plants per patient (medical)
Arizona: 12 plants per patient (medical) / 0 plants (recreational)
Arkansas: 0 plants (medical & recreational)
California: 6 plants per household (recreational) / 18-24 plants per patient (medical)
Colorado: 6 plants per person (recreational & medical) / 12 plants per household (recreational) / 99 Plants Per Licensee Connected To A Dispensary (medical dispensaries)
Connecticut: 0 Plants (medical & recreational)
Delaware: 0 Plants (medical & recreational)
Florida: 0 Plants (medical & recreational)
Hawaii: 7 grams usable marijuana max. OR 7 seedlings AND 2 flowering marijuana plants max.(recreational & medical patients 19+) 1 mature marijuana plant AND 7 seedlings OR 3 oz usable marijuana AND 7 seedlings allowed for registered qualifying patients who have a devastatingly debilitating medical condition as diagnosed by a physician licensed in HI.(registered qualifying patients 18 and under may possess double these amounts with parental/guardian consent.) A designated caregiver may also possess 3 oz usable marijuana on behalf of the qualified patient or deliver 3 oz to the qualified patient from another location They may also possess up to 21 grams of concentrated marijuana, 72 ounces of edible product in solid form, 216 ounces in liquid form or any combination thereof on behalf of the qualified patient or deliver these products to them from another location.(registered qualifying patients 18 and under may possess double these amounts with parental/guardian consent.) Hawaii requires all cultivators regardless of status as a qualified patient or primary caregiver OR if cultivating for a dispensary to obtain a license from HDOA prior to commencing cultivation All new applicants will be required to participate in the fingerprint-based background check process conducted by HDOA’s Narcotics Enforcement Division through DOJ Applicants will either receive an “approval” notice via U.S. mail within 60 days after submittal indicating they may commence licensure activities OR an “incomplete application” notice via U.S. mail if additional information is required.(HRS 143E-4-4(a)(2),(b)) No limit on number of licenses that may be issued.(HRS 141E-15(a)) Cultivating_Marijuana_for_Medical_Use1o7g7e3l3y4_.pdf Illinois: 5 Plants Per Household member over age 21 for Recreational Use patients who qualify may register with the Illinois Department of Public Health’s Compassionate Use Registry Program May Possess 2 1/2 ounces every 14 days AND Up To 5 Cannabis Plants If TheIllinois Legislature ever legalizes home grow Indiana: 0 Plants tfor both Medical & Recreational Use(see penalty section below). Iowa: Possession limit is 16 ouncesusable marijuanasolids 24 ouncesusable marijuana liquids concentration limitis 36 grams Manufactured cannabis productlimitis possessionof100 dosessuch as capsules oredibles Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland :: If you choose not to register as a patient with MMCC you are limitedto posessingup twoand onehalfouncesof usablemarijuanaand are limitedtopossessing no more thantengramsof concentrates Concentratesare oilsand other products thatrefineorextract tetrahydrocannabinolsfromthanplant For growingunseeded clonesor seedlingsyou maybe ableposses upto twelve Thesemay includeseeds Lightingmust Limitbe limitedto 600 watts lightsmentions vegetative Thelawalso Massachusetts法定量 Is oneounceoftetrahydrocannabinolsinthreeformsforadultuse Twoandonehalfouncesoftetrahydrocannabinolsinthreeformsfordelivery Fivegramsoftotalcannabisconcentrates12plants Marijuana shousehold limitseedsallowtogetherwithfiveounces Michigan法定量 2foryourself Ifyouaredesignatedcaregiveanother person Minnesota法定量 30day supply non Yucconcentratesdextrin day Mississippi Missouri Montana法定量 4plantsflowering 8plantsnonflowering 1ounceconcentrated Nebraska Nevada:: You maybe ablepossessup three matureortwelveimmaturemarijuanaknowntogetheras 12seedlings Allowance maybe increasedwithDOCTORrecommendationfortreatmentofdebilitating New Hampshire:: Up twoand onehalfoz TSA travelerstwo pintsmaycarryoutorreturn New Jersey:: New Mexico:: Allowsupply incapacity twoand onehalfouncesconsumedintwentyeightdayssixplantsfourteen immature twelvevegetative New York但不超过:三盎司可食用的麻将 Maximum amoundpossessthreeoncesof concentratedualitylimitsfoodsolidsdrinktinctureslozenges capsulespowder topicalointments oils North Carolina:: No limitwas mentionedinthelaw however leagalese was foundthat wouldappear allowamountsuptwo onceineach14dayperiod North Dakota:: Threeozusablemarijuana Hightierpaient registrymaybe allottedlargeramountasperDOCTOR recommendation Ohio:: Allowed Conspiracylawchanged2018zoneswouldn’tallowgrowopsbutnotsurehowthisaffectshomegrownstill onthebooks Oklahoma Oregon但不超过:緩存量 Fourthree times28day period mighthavebeenincreasedtoeight three 28dayperiodsyouwillneedbecertifiedgrowersbyOMMPORGrowyour own ifyouorevenLegalSaleslimit five total Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina :: NOTmore thantheequivalenttwoprescribeddosage South Dakota:: Tennessee :: 緩存量 28gramsoftotalTHC content沒有按照計劃生長 Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington :但不超過:六成熟的和六十未成熟的植物。 注意:這些數量是家庭成員之間可以合法分享的 Marijuanaseeds home cultivation除外 West Virginia Wisconsin Eastland Democrat representative mainstreammediaattention April2017proposalauthorizinglimitedcultivationpossessioncannabisWisconsinpatientsnonintoxicatingoilform Wyoming


In summary, the number of cannabis plants you can grow legally depends on the laws of your country or state. In some places, there are no restrictions on how many plants you can grow. In others, there may be limits on the amount of cannabis you can possess, but not necessarily on how many plants you can grow. It’s always best to check the local laws before growing any cannabis plants.

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