How to Tell Male from Female Cannabis Plants

How to Tell Male from Female Cannabis Plants

Cannabis plants are either male or female, and only the female plants produce the buds that are used for smoking. So, if you’re growing your own cannabis, it’s important to be able to tell the difference between the sexes. Here’s a quick guide on how to do it.

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Why it Matters

Knowing the difference between male and female cannabis plants is important for growers for a few reasons. The most important reason is that only female plants produce buds, or flowers, that contain high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. Male plants are usually removed from the grow room before they can pollinate female plants, as this would result in seedy, lower-quality buds.

Male vs female plants

The difference between male and female cannabis plants is one of the most important things to know when growing your own weed. Female plants are the only ones that produce buds, which is the part of the plant that contains THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. Male plants don’t produce buds, but they do create pollen that can fertilize female plants and create seeds.

So why does it matter if you have male or female plants? If you’re growing cannabis for personal use, you probably only want female plants because they’re the ones that will give you buds. Male plants are often seen as a nuisance by growers because they can pollinate female plants and create seeds, which lowers the quality of the bud.

If you’re a breeder or seed bank, however, male plants are essential because they’re needed to create new strains of cannabis. By cross-pollinating different strains of female plants, breeders can create new strains with different cannabinoid profiles and grow qualities.

Knowing how to tell male from female cannabis plants is crucial for any grower. Here are a few ways to tell them apart:

– Look for pistils: Pistils are small white hairs that appear on the buds of female plants. Male plants have pistils too, but they’re usually much thinner and less obvious.

– Look for flowers: Flowers are another way to tell male from female cannabis plants. Female flowers look like small clusters of crystals, while male flowers look like little balls on stalks. If you see flowers on a plant, it’s probably a female. However, it’s possible for hermaphrodite (plants that have both male and female characteristics) to have both pistils and flowers.

– Check the pre-flowers: Pre-flowers are tiny versions of adult flowers that appear before the plant begins to flower (or bloom). You need a magnifying glass to see them properly, but pre-flowers can be a good way to tell males from females before the plant reaches maturity. Female pre-flowers look like tiny clusters of crystals, while male pre-flowers look like little balls on stalks.


Hermaphrodite cannabis plants are those that have both male and female genitalia. They usually occur when a plant is under stress, such as when it is not getting enough light or nutrients. However, some cannabis strains are more likely to produce hermaphrodites than others.

Hermaphrodite plants can be a problem for growers because they can pollinate other (female) plants, resulting in seeded buds. Seeded buds are not as potent as those from female plants, and they are also less marketable. For these reasons, growers typically remove hermaphrodites from their crops as soon as they are identified.

How to Tell the Difference

Male and female cannabis plants look different, but it can be difficult to tell them apart. The easiest way to tell the difference is by looking at the flowers. Male cannabis flowers are small and thin, while female cannabis flowers are larger and more dense. If you can’t tell the difference by looking at the flowers, you can also look at the leaves. Male cannabis leaves are typically thinner and have fewer branches, while female cannabis leaves are thicker and have more branches.


The first step in determining the sex of your cannabis plants is to wait until they are pre-flowering. This happens around 6 weeks into the flowering stage for most strains, but can happen earlier or later depending on the genetics of the plant. Once your plants have reached the pre-flowering stage, you will need to take a close look at the area where the leaves and stem meet, called the nodes. On female plants, you will see what looks like small white pistols or calyxes emerging from these nodes. On male plants, you will see small pollen sacs. These sacs will eventually open and release pollen, which can fertilize female plants and create seeds.


The time of year when your cannabis plants flower is determined by the amount of sunlight they receive each day. This is why we have different types of marijuana strains that are suitable for different parts of the world. For example,in the Netherlands, there are three main types of marijuana strains. They are indica, sativa, and ruderalis.

Indica strains come from the Hindu Kush mountains in India and Pakistan. These plants typically grow short and bushy with large leaves. The buds from indica strains tend to be very dense and full of THC. Indica strains are generally used for relaxation and sleep due to their high levels of CBD.

Sativa strains come from regions near the equator like Colombia, Mexico, Thailand, and Ethiopia. These plants grow tall with thin leaves. The buds from sativa strains tend to be more airy and have higher levels of THC. Sativa strains are generally used for energizing effects and as a creative boost due to their high levels of THC.

Ruderalis strains come from areas like Russia and Poland where the summers are short but summers can still produce some Cannabis crops Ruderalis plants grow very small with thin leaves. The buds from ruderalis strains contain low levels of both THC and CBD

Male Cannabis Plants

Male cannabis plants are typically taller and thinner than female plants. They also tend to have fewer leaves and are not as vigorous as female plants. Male plants also produce pollen, which can be used to fertilize female plants. However, male plants are not typically used for cannabis production since they do not produce as much THC as female plants.

Uses for male plants

Male cannabis plants are not often thought of as being useful, but they actually have a few key uses. For example, male plants can be used to produce hemp fiber and seed for oil. They can also be used to pollinate female plants, which is necessary for the production of cannabis flowers. Male plants can also be used to make hash and other Cannabis concentrates.

Female Cannabis Plants

Female cannabis plants are the ones you want if you’re growing your own supply. They’re the ones that produce the buds you smoke. But telling males from females can be tough, especially if you’re a beginner. In this article, we’ll give you some tips on how to tell them apart.

Uses for female plants

The female cannabis plant is cherished by growers for its resinous buds, which are rich in cannabinoids and terpenes. These chemical compounds are responsible for the plant’s therapeutic and psychoactive effects. In addition to producing buds, female cannabis plants also produce pollen, which is used to fertilize other female plants and create seedless (sinsemilla) buds. Consequently, most growers remove male plants from their gardens as soon as they can identify them.

Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plants

Hermaphrodite cannabis plants are those that contain both male and female sex organs. Hermaphrodite plants can self-pollinate and fertilize themselves, which can lead to seed production. Although hermaphrodite cannabis plants are not common, they can be a problem for growers because they can pollinate other nearby plants, causing the other plants to produce seeds.

Uses for hermaphrodite plants

Hermaphrodite plants have both male and female reproductive organs, and are therefore able to self-pollinate. This can be an advantage if you are growing cannabis for CBD, as CBD is not present in the pollen of the plant. However, if you are growing for THC production, hermaphrodite plants can be a problem, as they can pollinate your female plants and reduce the THC content of your crop.

If you do have hermaphrodites in your grow room, it is best to remove them immediately and either destroy them or keep them separately from your other plants.

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